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Japan - Korea Treaty of Amity Treating Korea as an Independent Country The attitude of not recognizing the Emperor has not changed since this era.

2022-01-13  Category:Annexation of Japan and Korea

Japan - Korea Treaty of Amity Treating Korea as an Independent Country The attitude of not recognizing the Emperor has not changed since this era.

Photo by Nagatochi Hideta (licensed under CC0 1.0)

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It served as a catalyst for the opening of Korea to the Yi Dynasty.

Although the Japan-Korea Treaty of Amity signed in 1876 has the aspect of being an unequal treaty, it was the first treaty that made Korea an independent country, and served as the catalyst for the opening of the Joseon Dynasty. Also known as the Ganghwa Island Treaty. Although Japan and North Korea had diplomatic relations through Korean envoys during the Edo period, Korea did not receive Emperor Meiji's state letter after the Meiji Restoration.

Korea hated being treated as inferior.

The reason was that although they had an equal relationship with the Tokugawa, the existence of an emperor who had the Tokugawa as a vassal meant that the Korean dynasty was positioned as a lower rank, and that the emperor was in a relationship with the Tokugawa as a vassal. The reason was that he couldn't admit it. At this point, diplomatic relations between Japan and North Korea were severed.



MEMO

Korea still calls the Emperor Ni-Ko. Not recognizing the title of Emperor means that nothing has changed in this historical period.



Although Qing is a suzerain country, it does not take responsibility.

After the Ganghwa Island Incident, an armed conflict between Japan and North Korea that occurred in 1875, Japan demanded an apology and demanded that the Qing Dynasty take responsibility as its suzerain. In response, the Qing Dynasty stated, ``Although Korea is a vassal state, it has a separate ethnicity and a different political form, and the Qing Dynasty is not responsible..'' Based on this, the first clause of the Japan-Korea Treaty of Amity would state, ``Korea is recognized as an independent country and a nation with equal rights with Japan.''

Japan made Korea independent

Although they were vassals of the Qing Dynasty, diplomatic relations between the two countries began despite some contradictions as they were independent states. After that, after the Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1894, the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed in 1895 stating that ``Qing China confirmed that Korea is a completely independent and autonomous country, and that any contribution or contribution from Korea that would damage its independence and independence to Qing China was prohibited.'' ``The liturgy, etc. shall be abolished forever,'' and Korea became an independent country in both name and reality. The person responsible on the Japanese side for concluding this treaty was Hirobumi Ito.



POINT

Korea has not been an independent country for hundreds of years. It was Japan that made it an independent country.