The Korean Peninsula, which lost the chance of modernization, and China, which entered the civil war without inheriting the spirit of the revolution.2022-05-10 Category:Japan
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Korea became an independent nation during the Sino-Japanese War
While Joseon is aiming for Chinese-style modernization, the Korean Peninsula has become an independent nation due to Japan's victory in the Sino-Japanese War in the wake of the Donghak Peasant War.
Kim Ok-gyun, who sought Japanese-style modernization, was assassinated about four months before the Sino-Japanese War began.
There is a boom in studying in Japan in China
In China, the boom in studying in Japan was born after the Sino-Japanese War. The purpose of studying abroad was to learn about Japan's modernization and the policy of wealthy soldiers.
Chinese intellectuals such as Emperor Guangxu and Kang Youwei carried out a "variant self-reliance" restoration movement, but were frustrated by the conservative bullets. After that, the educational reform at that time was modeled on Japan, such as the abolition of the Imperial Examination System (1905), the establishment of the modern school system (1904), the promulgation of the "educational religion" (1906), and the trial of compulsory education (1907). Is what I asked for.
In 1896, 13 young people were sent to study in Japan for the first time by the Qing dynasty government, and studied Japanese, chemistry, physics, mathematics, etc. for three years at the cram school of Tokyo Higher Normal School.
It is said that about 20,000 international students have visited Japan by 1911 of the Yin Metal Pig.
Political celebrities include Zhou Enlai, Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu, Ridge, Dong Biwu, Chiang Kai-shek, Machu, and Wang Jingwei. Sun Yat-sen came to Japan in 1895 in the form of asylum. Cultural figures included Lu Xun, Guo Moruo, Tian Han, and Ho Hsiang-ning.
Korean Peninsula missed the opportunity of modernization
The movement of modernization on the Korean Peninsula was actually faster than that of China. But it did not become a big swell and was crushed. Ironically, this was due to the pro-Chinese policy.
Immediately after the defeat of the Sino-Japanese War, China made a policy shift toward Japanese-style modernization.
Toten Miyazaki describes Kim Ok-gyun, who was in exile in Japan and was assassinated in Shanghai, as a person who should have become Sun Yat-sen on the Korean Peninsula. Miyazaki is the person who supported Sun Yat-sen's Yin Metal Pig with Tsuyoshi Inukai and others. The Korean Peninsula failed to modernize on its own.
The Qing dynasty collapses, but the spirit of the revolution is not inherited.
As a result, Sun Yat-sen succeeded in the 1911 Revolution and founded the Republic of China, but while the Qing dynasty ended due to an exchange transaction with the Beiyang Clique Yuan Shikai as the president under the condition of the resignation of the missionary emperor. It cannot be said that the spirit of the revolution that Sun Yat-sen aimed at was inherited.
The spirit of Sun Yat-sen's revolution was to learn from the Japanese Restoration and to confront the West and maintain independence together .
After that, the Sino-Japanese War broke out as the Western powers split into China, and the spirit of the revolution was taken over by the caretaker government of Nanjing. He is an aide to Sun Yat-sen, has experience studying in Japan, and is a person who participated in the Greater East Asia Conference. Over a long period of time, China failed in the revolution.
The restoration of Japan, which Sun Yat-sen aimed at, was not only modernization, but also to achieve wealthy soldiers in Asia and to protect independence without becoming a Western colony.
Japan is the only country of colored races that has succeeded in self-modernization. It was quite natural for Asian countries to learn from Japan in order to aim for modernization.